Category: Career Development


Research, write and develop a multimedia key facts guide for moving image graduates entitled – “A practical guide to finding employment in the moving image industry”.

The key facts guide is an individual piece of work, which will serve as a source of information for students such as you, who are about to graduate from an HND in Creative Media Production.

Ideally, you will produce it as a page on your Word Press portfolio. Perhaps you could stylise it to mimic your existing individual brand logo identity or come up with your own look or feel for the publication.

However, you could also use another software package to use if you would prefer such as illustrator. Furthermore, if your feeling really adventurous you could create a video production that provides graduates with the relevant information to help them with entering the industry.

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Roles In The Industry:

Jobs in the TV Film industry are exceedingly vast. There are many positions available in the media field. When you watch the end credits of major movies, literally thousands of people are listed as contributing helping to the production. Even though there are loads of jobs that are obtainable, I will be focusing on and covering the main job roles in this industry.

 

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Director- Possibly the most known role in the industry would be the director. The Director is fundamentally responsible for the visionary approach to making each and every one of their films. Directors are in charge of artistically converting a films script into audio/visual on the screen. They are the main supervisor for their team of filmmakers and control the films overall outcome. Directors delegate and make the crucial and important decisions. Director’s main duties involve script revisions, shot composition, shot selection, editing, and the way narration is given to the audience. Directors need to have loads of determination to make it possible to succeed, as well as motivation to inspire there team of film makers.

 

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Editor- Editors are a major part in the post-production filmmaking process. They essentially construct the story together and develop the way it is told to the audience. Since the majority of films are assembled on computers, editors need to have the technical experience and the capability to use editing software. They need to understand the art of story telling, be able to create rhythm, build tension, and to have precise timing when merging video clips together in their edit. Editors usually work well within reach of the director, as they are the overall main shot caller in the production. Together they decide on the best shots and takes to be used in the final edit.

 

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Casting Director- The casting directors main function is to coordinate with the director and assemble together actors and actresses to play roles in their film. They carry out auditions and interviews for parts in their film and make selections based upon who is best fit out for their position. Casting directors need be familiar with a broad range of actors along with having the aptitude to recognize phenomenal acting talent. It is their role to also discuss contract terms and conditions as well as negotiate and arrange salaries with the performers agent. It is crucial that casting directors need to be tremendously patient and make delicate decisions as the acting will reflect the entire piece.

 

j0439466-11Screenwriter- It is the screenwriters position to research and develop a narrative then write out a screenplay for it. The screenwriter must be able to comprehend how audio/visual stories are told/shown and base a script upon it. Most screenwriters are freelancers who pitch their original screenplays to producers hoping that they will earn a share if their movie is made. As screenwriting has to remain modern and creative, in many cases multiple screenwriters will collaborate together to share ideas with one another. They must have a great understanding of their characters, the settings, and the plots structure and development.

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Camera Operator- The camera operator carries out a significant role in movie making. They have to be knowledgeable about setting up and operating expensive camera equipment . Camera operators are instructed by the director and the director of photography (or DoP) to carry out well-aimed and precise shot composition and cinematography. They also collaborate with each other about camera placement, and what lens and addition equipment to use.

 

 

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FILM AWARDS:

There are many film awards out in the world today, some more prestigious than other but I’ll be looking at a few main ones from America and the U.K.

  • BAFTA (British Academy of Film and Television Arts)

The BAFTA Awards are one of the most well known film awards in the UK. They reward the best work of any nationality, if it is seen on British cinema screens following the previous year. The BAFTA Film awards are usually held in February, preceding The Oscars in America.

  • Golden Globe Awards

The Golden Globe Is an American awards ceremony/ dinner party for domestic and international film. It’s judged by the ninety-three members of the Hollywood Foreign Press Association. The Golden Globe Awards are usually held in January of every year in Beverly Hills, California.

  • Academy Awards (The Oscars)

The Academy Awards or also known as The Oscars, are one of the most prestigious award in the film industry. The American based film awards are judged by AMPAS or the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. The Academy Awards is held annually every march and is the oldest entertainment award ceremony ever.

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SOLE TRADER BUSINESS MODEL:

Sole Trading is a business that is owned by one single person. This person can then have as many employees as they want or simply just work alone. There are many pros and cons to being a sole trader. A pro is all the earning goes to the owner excluding taxes that are taken out by the government. This can even be for any service provided or product being sold.

SOLE TRADER PROS

The cons about being a sole trader is that owner is liable for the business and if they go bankrupt or some legal issues arise they are held responsible and can have their possessions seized. They also have to pay taxes to the government out of their profits.

SOLE TRADER CONS

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Criteria 2.1 & 3.1

Assessment Task 2:

Who are BECTU and what do they do?

Discuss and critically reflect on BECTU’s role in their recent “BBC pay and pensions” campaign. Why were they involved? What did they want? What is the benefit of having a professional organisation (union)?

Things to include overall would be:

Professional organisations: PACT (Producers’ Alliance for Cinema and Television); New Producers’ Alliance (NPA); unions, eg BECTU (Broadcasting, Entertainment, Cinematograph and Theatre Union), NUJ (National Union of Journalists), Sector Skills Councils, eg Skillset, CCSkills

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Who is BECTU and what do they do? BECTU is an acronym for a democratic organisation standing for Broadcasting, Entertainment, Cinematography, and Theatre Union. BECTU is a union that is in The Federation of Entertainment Unions that represents workers in television, film, music, theatre, cinema, professional football, new media, gaming and other performing arts in the United Kingdom. The Federation of Entertainment Unions consists of seven sub-unions such as NUJ (National Union of Journalist), The Musicians Union, Equity (formerly known as the British Actors’ Equity Association), Unite, The Writers Guild of Great Brittan, The Professional Footballers’ Union (or PFA), and BECTU.BECTU_logo

BECTU was launched in 1991 for those working in media related jobs and although they are considered a fairly new trade union, its origin can be tracked down to 1890.  BECTU has been around for about 22 years, and since then they’ve been significantly helping people that are enrolled in there union. BECTU provides a wide span of service to its union members, including personal advice and representation for individuals, negotiating pay with employers, in addition with their work contracts and conditions. They protect member’s jobs; help to improve working conditions, as well as pensions schemes for those who plan to retire.

In 2010 the “broadcasting union BECTU criticized the BBC for being out of step with the other public sector employers, after the corporation offered their staff a flat rate increase of £475 and those earning less than £37,726 annually only receive a 1% increase on their pension pay schemes” (Hemley, 2012).  Also any employee making above £37,726 annually will have their pay frozen. BECTU’s General secretary Gerry Morrissey said he, “found it insulting and pointed out that the staff pay increase at the BBC was below the presumed rate of inflation and  would only plunge further as time went on.” “In addition, the joint unions believe that the cap of £37,376 is unacceptable. The unions would consider a cap, but it would need to be substantially higher.” BECTU suggested in a statement that “in their view the BBC deliberately used the worst set of stock market figures available in order to make the deficit look bigger than it is”(BECTU, 2010). It was assumed that the BBC was using the economic crisis to there advantage.

BECTU held loads of meetings and gained massive support as they started “a campaign to improve the BBC’s 2010 pay offer, and to persuade management to rethink their position on damaging proposals with staff pensions” (BECTU, 2010). On the 21st of June in 2011 the BBC made an offer to their staff of a pay increase of £400 and a 2% increase of  there pension schemes.  This was applied to all staff members that work for BBC, in the studios, and as well as post-production earning less than £60,302 annually. BECTU members voted to accept the BBC pay offer and it had 65.8% for it and 34.2% against it.  Two-thirds majority won the vote as a result BECTU gladly accepted the offer from the BBC.

BECTU played an important role in the BBC pay and pensions campaign by looking out for their members best interests. They negotiated pay and pension wages with the BBC that they thought were unrealistic and unfair. BECTU aimed to increase these wages for the BBC employees and came out on top. Although not everyone was satisfied with the outcome, it was better then the original offer given to the BBC employees. Unions like BECTU take care and protect their workers concerns from unjust decisions made by corporations. As long as BECTU is around, companies cannot take advantage of employees in the media department.

Hemley, Matthew . (2012). BECTU hits out at BBC’s pay offer. Available: http://www.thestage.co.uk/news/2012/03/bectu-hits-out-at-bbcs-pay-offer/. Last accessed 16th Jan 2013.

BECTU. (2010). BBC: pay and pensions meetings draw huge numbers. Available: http://www.bectu.org.uk/news/894. Last accessed 16th Jan 2013.

Criteria: 1.2

How is the television industry structured in the UK. Write a short illustrated report that critically reviews details of the structure and ownership.

The following topics should be covered.

1) Critically review the structure of the TV industry, which includes major broadcasters (BBC, ITV etc…), local community TV companies and independent production companies.

2) The structure of the BBC

3) Rupert Murdock and the UK TV structure – why is he considered a threat to the Moving Image Industries?

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How is the television industry structured in the United Kingdom? There are three different subcategories within the television industry such as, major broadcasters, as well as local community TV, and independent production companies.

Major broadcasters such as the BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation) and ITV (Independent Television) are the most well-known and acknowledged television stations that are broadcasted nation wide. Compared to local community TV, which is only shown regionally, and independent production companies, which are not as widespread as the BBC and ITV, they have many contradistinctions and are just not as notorious as these major broadcasters.

The BBC is set up under a royal charter. As it says the BBC’s website, the royal charter has six main public purposes. The corporation provides high quality news to engage viewers and represents the United Kingdom’s nations, region, and communities, while bringing the world news to the UK and the UK news to the world. The BBC promotes learning and education, discusses emerging technologies, it encourages creativity and cultural excellence. The structure of television for the BBC is made up of the many different boards such as the Commercial, Creative, and Journalism Boards. Those all advise to the Executive Board, which is responsible for managing The BBC and in turn informs the Board of Governors who finally presents it to The Queen.  It then goes through media regulations such as Ofcom to make sure it is all right for public television. The BBC trust is around to serve the public as well as ensuring that license fee payers get the best out from the BBC.
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Rupert Murdoch is one of the largest media conglomerates around today. Murdock inherited his company through his father. He then controlled newspapers in Australia and New Zealand prior to extending his business to the United Kingdom. In 1969, Murdock bought News of the World and The Sun newspapers, and then purchased The Times newspaper in 1981. Murdock wanted to further increase his business, and he joined into the moving image side of news; in 1989 he launched Sky Television, a satellite broadcaster that has dominated the British pay-television market. Murdoch is chairman and CEO of News Corporation. In America he obtained companies like Twentieth Century Fox, The Wall Street Journal, and The New York Post just to name a few. In 2000 Murdoch’s News Corporation was in possession of more than eight hundred different companies in over fifty countries. In the United Kingdom the BBC has more than twice as many viewers than Sky, But News Corp is dominating the press over competitors such as The Daily Mail._53896751_news_corps_media_reach_v2_464news_corp_doughnut_976x785

So who is afraid of Rupert Murdoch? Who does he pose a threat too? Some people would argue that Murdoch is creating a monopoly with the media that is being fed to the general public. Which is a bit frightening, because if one company were to control all the media they can basically choose what to broadcast and what not to broadcast. “Media conglomerates operate as oligopolies, or a few large organizations dominating the market” (Gill Branston & Roy Stafford, 1996). It is remarkably true that Murdoch owns a major percentage of media that the public receives, but to say he is creating a monopoly is a bit far-fetched. The definition of a monopoly is the exclusive possession or control of the supply or trade in a commodity. Rupert Murdoch could never create a monopoly even if he tried. “I am not a monopolist as some claim. I have given people choice” (Rupert Murdoch).  Only it is not Murdoch who has given us choice because choice is all around us. Nobody is forced to watch and read media only from News Corporation. Plus nowadays the Internet is the main source of endless media that people use. No one person can control all the media that the Internet holds and it is solely up to each individual to choose what they read or watch and make up there own decisions upon what they believe.murdoch_595

So is Rupert Murdoch an evil mastermind or a strategic innovator? Well that is up to your own personal interpretation and what ever you choose to believe. Some people fear Rupert Murdoch because he holds a considerable amount of power when it comes to media that is being produced. In spite of that the BBC is still on top in the United Kingdom. Rupert Murdoch said “The world is changing very fast. Big will not beat small anymore. It will be the fast beating the slow.” The media of the world today is created so quickly that there will always be various choices of media to choose from, creating healthy competition. I believe Murdoch is a bright business man, and people shouldn’t fear him because they think he will control all of the media; if anything they should fear some of the articles and programmes that he produces and are fed to the public. I believe that in the future there will be a bountiful of different types and varieties of news and film available, because technically, the moving image industry is still a relatively new form of media. It just goes to show, that media is such a growing commodity, and will always be prominent and found globally in a variety of different forms.

n/a. (n/a). BBC Structure. Available: http://www.bbc.co.uk/aboutthebbc/insidethebbc/managementstructure/bbcstructure/. Last accessed 3rd Jan 2013.

Gill Branston, & Roy Stafford (1996). The Media Students Book. 2nd ed. London: Routledge. pg255.

Criteria 1.1

This is a one day task given to us to juxtapose shots together using split screen. In this video  a good samaritan sees someone who has left their folder behind and chases him down to give it back to him. Using split screen we see both perspectives with the guy losing his important folder, to the good samaritan spotting his mistake and chasing him down.

I’m glad this one day task wasn’t a continuity based one like it was last week, because when using one camera it is a bit hard to make sure all movements are the same in both screens. I had to slow things down or speed them up to time things right but there are still a lot of continuity based errors. Originally I was editing this in Final Cut Pro but I had major problems exporting the final video once it was done, so I switched over to Adobe Premier to complete this task.


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Five Year Plan:

Year one: I plan to finish year one in the HND course at Brooksby Melton College and gain more knowledge in film media production. I plan to religiously enter film competitions and festivals. I hope to also develop and expand my online portfolio with loads and loads of submitted work I have done. I also plan to start meeting people who share the same interests as I do in film making and work together with them and collaborate on our different projects.

Year two: I plan to finish the last year in the HND course at Brooksby Melton College and further expand my knowledge about the film and editing practice. I plan to continue to submit work to film competitions and festivals whilst also adding to my online portfolio. I still plan on continuing to network with people in my field and keep producing work with them. I also plan to start thinking about what i’ll be doing once I graduate from the BSC in my third year and what step I should be taking to get there.

Year three: I plan to move on to the BSC course at Brooksby Melton College and work hard for my bachelors degree. I still plan to continue to add my work to my online portfolio, as well as keep submitting it to competitions and festivals. This year as well as the previous two years I hope to gain enough skills to obtain a good job in the film industry. I hope to meet the right type of people and hopefully I can get an internship of some sore to get me started. I also plan to do a lot of research to get loads of work experience so I can get a good position in well known company.

Year four: After I graduate from The BSC course, I plan to move back to the United States, preferably California in the Silicon Valley, unless I get a good job in England then I will consider staying if that means I can get my foot in the door. But who knows? I will go where ever the job is and wherever opportunities are great. I plan to get some on the job experience and build my CV up with it to promote me in the film industry. Hopefully my skills can carry me far and I can successfully work my way up the corporate ladder.

Year five: I would like to say I could be working for myself this time but I think its unrealistic. I’m not saying its impossible and I will definitely give it a go. I eventually would like to be my own boss with my own company doing something film related, preferably editing. If this doesn’t happen this year I plan to repeat year four until this is possible. But if I cannot make my own business I wouldn’t mind working for a company if they paid a decent wage. I could also do some side work either paid or unpaid just to keep strengthening my portfolio because you’re only as good as your last piece of work right?

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CV:

Richard Holmes CV

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This is the section of my website where I show you my research for jobs either payed or unpaid. Considering I’m fairly new to this industry and don’t have too much work in my portfolio I will most likely be doing free work so later on down the line I can have a showreel to possibly get some paid work so either way, work is work is work.

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Above is a screenshot of my facebook message to Oakland California rapper Lil Rue aka Ruegar. Dosia is his producer and makes his rap beats. I responded to his status asking if anyone would like to make video for Lil Rue to build up and strengthen up their portfolio. Being a big fan of Lil Rue, I messaged him saying I would be in the San Francisco Bay Area this summer and if  he is interested in making any videos. He asked for my e-mail and if i had any work available to view online, so I gave him this wordpress site along with my e-mail richardaholmes@yahoo.com. Hopefully when it get closer to the date for me to go to America we can organize a shoot date as this would be a great thing to have under my belt.

Above is a short video I made for Pablos Horse Sanctuary to help them raise money through a foundation who gives out bursaries for small non profit volunteer centers. Again I did this free because it is for a good cause and also it’s always nice to have some more work to add to my portfolio. I spent a day at the shoot getting lots of B-roll footage of horses as well as a short interview/ voiceover by Jon who explains what he would spend the money on if it was granted to the cause. Below is a screenshot of  myself editing the video in Premier Pro CS3.

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Criteria 4.1 & 4.2

This was a one day task to complete a scene and a half of footage given to use that we have never seen before and only had the script to work off of. My teacher Paul had shot this a year ago but it hasnt been edited until now. This one day task was to give us an idea of what it would be like in the business of editing in the real world at a major corporation, and having to complete a task handed to you that you have not seen before before the day is done. The point was also to make sure continutity was believable to the audience watching. This scene starts out with the main character in a coffee shop before her meeting with her probation officer at the probation office. She is staring at a couple across the room and her expression in her face is saying that she wishes what they had. It then fades to black and then fades in to her going to the probation office and talking to her probation officer for the first time. She obviously doesnt seem to be happy to be there, but who really would?

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Here is my edit decision list for this project. It has all the shots that I wanted and used for this video.

For our career development our teacher gave us a task to shoot a scene in just one shot for at least 60 seconds. The one rule was we could not move the camera at all. This is something that none of us had ever done before. The idea was to get us thinking differently and to try new things. We relied on many sound effects to compensate for only having one shot. My group decided to film me looking at the camera for 60 seconds, then towards the end have blood trickle down my face while adding in loads of sound effects that explains what you cant see in the frame making the story unfold with the added audio. The only problem we had was we needed to shoot, capture, and edit this within a few hours and we ended up rushing towards the end. This was the end result. Film was edited by Frankie Burrows.

PART 1 – Initially discuss and explain the purpose and process of the regulatory bodies for TV, film and advertising in the UK.

PART 2 – Examine 1 TV programme, 1 film and 1 TV advertisement that have been banned by the relevant regulatory body and critically reflect on the regulatory bodies decision to ban the production.

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PART 1:

The ASA or Advertising Standards Authority regulates advertisements shown in the United Kingdom. They act on complaints made to them as well as regularly checking media to take the necessary steps to make sure adverts aren’t  misleading, offensive, or harmful . In 2011 they received 31,458 complaints for about 22,397 different advertisements, also with checking thousands of other ads. This led to 4,591 ads to be either altered or taken off the air. The BBFC or British Board of Film Censorship look at films and how they impact the audience. They look at issues such as violence, drugs, sex, bad language and discrimination. Based upon the film and its contents they give it a suitable rating and classification.

PART 2 :

Tv: Seinfeld “The Puerto Rican Day” 20th episode of 9th season

This episode of the American sitcom Seinfeld was one of the last ones made. A certain scene in this episode was very controversial. It showed Kramer accidentally setting a Puerto Rican flag on fire with a sparkler then stomping on the flag trying to put it out.  It originally aired in 1998 but after it was showed it was banned from repeating on television until 2002 and some channels didn’t show it until 2012. This episode infuriated many people because they found it very disrespectful towards Puerto Ricans. I feel that they are making fun of Puerto Ricans to some degree but it is all in good humour. I think that if you can’t have a laugh about yourself then you shouldn’t be allowed to laugh about anyone else.

Film: The Exorcist

The Exorcist is known by some as one of the scariest horror movies of it’s time. This film was banned from the United Kingdom until it passed the British Board of Film Censorship in 1990. The Exorcist was originally released in  1973. The film is about a young girl getting possessed by an evil demon and going through the process of an exorcism. This film was banned because many religious believers saw this film as unholy and sinful. The excessive violence and profanity probably didn’t help much either. I understand why the BBFC put the ban on it because it was really controversial for the time period; but it is nothing like the films that are put out there today.

TV Advertisement: Levis Jeans

This advertisement was banned from the United Kingdom, but was still shown worldwide. Censors believed that is was sending the wrong message to british viewers. It shows a woman wanting to change her attire quickly so she goes into a public toilet in a petrol station. The ladies room is locked so she goes into the mens because she is in a hurry. There is man sitting in the mens room with sun glasses and a cane. She changes in front of him thinking he is blind, and then she heads out in a rush. Viewers discover once the woman leaves that the man was not blind but he was assisting someone who is blind and was in the toilet. I can see why this was banned, because it is a little bit creepy that wannabe blind man didn’t say anything when the woman was changing. I find it very surprising that it was banned in the United Kingdom but shown in other places like America because I know America is very strict to what they show and where as the U.K is more lenient.

Criteria 1.3